World’s largest skate and small shark followed in new west coast tagging study
High-tech tracking devices are helping scientists to protect two of Scotland’s most endangered fish species in a west coast Marine Protected Area (MPA).
Marine biologists from Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) and Marine Scotland Science (MSS) are working together, with help from local creel fishermen and anglers, to better understand how common skate and spurdog use the Argyll MPA. The Loch Sunart to the Sound of Jura MPA is designated to help protect the common skate, the world’s largest skate species. Skate are related to sharks and common skate can grow up to two metres across and three metres long. The project team have fitted tags to 40 skate caught in the area, the largest of which weighed an impressive 98kgs.
The area is also a hotspot for spurdog, sometimes known as spiny dogfish, a small shark which grows up to 1.5 metres long. Eight spurdog have been tagged so far and more tagging is planned for the summer. Both species were once common in Scottish waters but have suffered large declines in population numbers and, now considered to be vulnerable, are included on Scotland’s list of Priority Marine Features for conservation action. The tagged fish were photographed for future identification and a DNA sample was taken for analysis, before being quickly released.
Dr Jane Dodd, who is managing the project for SNH, said: “We’re really lucky in Scotland to have a wonderful range of wildlife living in our seas. Previous studies have shown that common skate are resident in the waters off Oban in significant numbers and the MPA was designated for their protection in 2014. By tracking skate in the MPA we aim to better understand how they use the area throughout the year, which will help us to make sure that the management of the site is appropriate.”
Two types of tags are being used in the project. Acoustic tags communicate with receivers positioned in the Sound of Mull, the Firth of Lorn, Loch Linnhe, the Lynn of Lorn and Loch Etive, which record each time an individual fish passes within range.
Dr James Thorburn, MSS Fish Tracking Officer, said: “Some of the skate are also fitted with Data Storage Tags (DSTs), which record the depth and water temperature every two minutes. DSTs provide more detail about where the fish are spending their time in the MPA, allowing us to recreate their movements.” To see more click here.